The implant is an artificial titanium root that is screwed into the bone in place of the missing tooth, and which, in consequence, fixed by crown.
What cases can be solved with dental implants?
• The absence of one tooth. In this case, it is not necessary to remove the nerves of the adjacent teeth and grind them under the crown.
• Lack of a row of teeth. It is possible to produce fixed structures where previously it was necessary to install a removable prosthesis.
• Complete absence of teeth
How does the procedure of the implantation pass?
The implant is a screw that is fixed directly into the bone, but not in the gum as many patients mistakenly think. As the gum is rather thin plot of the mucous membrane that covers the bone on the outside and only one (gum) under no circumstances can serve as a medium in which the implant is fixed. And in order to screw the implant into the bone tissue we have to cut the gum and expose the bone.
Thereafter, using special milling and drill into the bone, a hole of the required diameter is formed, where subsequently the implant will be fixed. Wherein a doctor forms the opening of a well-defined diameter and well-defined depth, in order to fix an implant into it with some effort and could easily be retained in bone, without any micro-movements.
Then in the fixed implant, a sterile titanium cap is screwed (a miniature screw that does not grow into the bone and the implant mucosa and prevent the subsequent screwing the abutment to the implant.
The implant is closed with a cap installed on top of the gum (which we cut up and removed on the first stage) and then the gum is sutured up. Thereafter the implant is considered to be installed and a period of healing of the wound starts. This period lasts in an average from 1 up to 3 weeks and the length of it depends on the amount of ongoing manipulation and complexity of the operation.
At the end of the healing doctor will check inspection, if necessary, make an X-ray and relieve joints. After the manipulation the patient goes home and waits for healing of implants usually for 2 to 3 months.
After this period of time the patient returns to the clinic where the dentist makes a tiny incision on the gum on a place of an integrated implant, unscrews the cap from it and sets the healing abutment. The meaning of this operation, in other words it can be described as follows: we would produce implants outside the cavity of the mouth and prepare it for subsequent coating of the crown.
Since the diameter of the implant is almost always less than the diameter of the tooth (at the point where it passes into the gum), then this same healing abutment further expand the gum so that the crown would be prepared at the point looked point as its own tooth. The whole process of the formation of the gums usually takes 1-2 weeks. Then, using a special contraption cast is removed and sent to the dental laboratory to make the crown.
In the dental laboratory technician picks and customizes the abutment part of the implant. Abutment is a definite transition element for fixing the crown to the implant. Thus, it is clear that the whole structure consists of a designer in a collapsible form: implant – abutment – the crown. It is not done by accident but to ensure a quick and comfortable crown replacement on implant in 10-15 years or so. Imagine a situation that you need to replace the crown on implant. To do this, you remove the old crown and, if necessary change the old abutments for new ones. The very same implant is not touched and you do not incur an additional surgical intervention.